||School of Human Services and Sciences
Childhood maltreatment is a critical public health issue with long-lasting effects on physical and psychological health outcomes. In the United States, the definition of childhood maltreatment has included physical abuse, emotional (or psychological) abuse, sexual abuse, and neglect that occurs in childhood and is perpetuated by a parent or a caregiver. The current literature on childhood maltreatment among Deaf, Hard of Hearing, and DeafBlind (DHHDB) people is limited. In the existing literature, there is evidence for higher rates of childhood maltreatment in this population along with unique forms of trauma-related to DHHDB people’s communication and language experiences. For this reason, there is a need for a reliable, valid, and accessible measure that screens for childhood maltreatment experiences among DHHDB people. To address this need, this research project will translate a widely used childhood maltreatment measure, the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF) into American Sign Language (ASL) for use with DHHDB people. To achieve that aim, this project will translate the instructions, items, and response options of the CTQ-SF from English text to ASL video using a team of bilingual Deaf interpreters; evaluate the language and content of the CTQ-SF to increase the measure’s relevancy to DHHDB individuals’ lived experiences; and examine the psychometric elements of CTQ-SF-ASL in a pilot study with signing DHHDB adults in the United States. At the study’s conclusion, there will be an ASL version of the CTQ-SF with preliminary data on its psychometric properties for use with DHHDB people.